Alex Metzger Alex Metzger 31.05.2022

BitCourier Members on How Bitcoin Characteristics Affect its Functions

Bitcoin is the world’s first successful cryptocurrency, rapidly transforming various aspects of the global economy. Experts describe it as the future of money that will revolutionize the global financial landscape. However, critics also insist Bitcoin is a speculative currency with far-reaching consequences on the international markets and economy. 

Nevertheless, Bitcoin has increasingly gained immense popularity as a means of payment and a store of value, accepted worldwide. It has also found applications in innovation, offering a platform for developing unique services and products for global consumers. The following article explores how Bitcoin’s characteristics affect those functions. 

Limited Supply 

One of Bitcoin’s main qualities is its limited supply, capped at 21 million tokens only. Its inventors stipulated only that a specified amount of Bitcoin will ever come into circulation, regardless of the market demand. Recent statistics show miners have already minted more than 18 million Bitcoin tokens, doing rounds in the market. 

Bitcoin’s supply is also subject to halving, which cuts the number of miners’ rewards by half every four years. That impacts an added strain on Bitcoin’s collection, making it scarcer over time. Meanwhile, the market demand grows as several mainstream institutions and individuals adopt Bitcoin. 

The diminishing Bitcoin supply is a great strength that enables it to gain and retain a more substantial purchasing power. Like other commodities, an asset achieves more value when demand exceeds the supply. Bitcoin’s declining supply amidst a growing market demand allows it to effectively function as a payment and an investment asset with a higher value proposition. 

A Decentralized Payment System 

Unlike fiat currencies regulated by central banks, Bitcoin is a decentralized payment system without a central authority. That means no single entity or individual controls Bitcoin’s usage. Instead, its peer-to-peer network gives users collective ownership and control over it. Even the validation of Bitcoin transactions depends on a consensus. 

The absence of a central authority in the Bitcoin network facilitates seamless, instantaneous, secure, and low-cost transactions. It also gives users the desired autonomy in spending and managing their funds. Besides, the distributed Bitcoin network also ensures enhanced transactional security, making it extremely difficult for users or third parties to manipulate transactions. 

Decentralization is one of Bitcoin’s key strengths that enables it to function as a convenient alternative means of payment and investment asset. 


All cryptocurrencies are highly volatile, mainly because no single government or institution regulates them. Instead, Bitcoin’s prices particularly move up and down based on the public perceptions or the people’s confidence in using it in transactions. Some investors often view Bitcoin’s volatility as a risk that could impact huge losses. 

However, savvy investors say volatility is the leading Bitcoin characteristic that enables traders to score short-term and long-term profits. The constant price fluctuations impact disparities in Bitcoin prices across crypto exchanges. Traders can then take advantage of those price differences to profit from buying and selling the assets. 

Crypto exchange platforms Like this trading bot have unique built-in tools to help traders track market conditions and predict Bitcoin’s price movements, avoiding volatility risks. 

Digitized Transactions 

One of Bitcoin’s primary functions is to revolutionize global financial transactions by eliminating paperwork and other inefficiencies of the traditional systems. It perfectly meets that need because Bitcoin is a digital currency that users can only access and use online. Instead of opening bank accounts, Bitcoin usage only requires a crypto wallet that users can download online, even for free. Bitcoin facilitates paperless transactions without intermediaries, ensuring prompt and secure international payments. 

Overall, Bitcoin has several unique characteristics with different impacts on its functions. The above article has discussed the main qualities that affect Bitcoin’s functionality as a means of payment, an investment asset, and a technology.